Climate Modification and Volcanoes

3

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Ally Bank Online Bank Rates

10

Ally Bank is a business unit of Ally Financial the leaders in automotive financial services worldwide. Ally financial services is officially preferred source of financing for General Motors, Chrysler, Saab, and Thor Industries

This is an Ally Bank rates update for February 2011. While they do not handle mortgage loans, they do offer their customers CDs, savings, and checking accounts. For those that are unaware of it, this is the new name for the old GMAC Bank.

The current bank rates on the certificates of deposit include the special Raise Your Rate CD that is a 2 year term. The APY is currently at 1.50%, and can be increased once during the term of the CD.

There is also the No Penalty CD that is earning an APY of 1.20% for an 11 month term.

The online Savings Account is currently earning an APY of 1.09%. The Money Market Account is also earning an APY of 1.09%

The Interest Checking Account is earning an APY of 0.50% on balances below $15,000. On balances above $15,000, the APY is 1.05%

The standard CD rates include the 3 month CD that is earning an APY of 0.64%. The 6 month CD is earning an APY of 1.04%. The 9 month CD is earning an APY of 1.00%. The 1 year CD is earning an APY of 1.29%. The 18 month CD is earning an APY of 1.35%. The 3 year CD is earning an APY of 1.84%. The 4 year CD is earning an APY of 2.05%. The 5 year CD is earning an APY of 2.39%.

There are no minimum balances to open an account, but you must make a deposit in order to earn an APY. All of these Ally Bank rates were posted on February 1, 2011 and are still current as of February 18, 2011, but are subject to change without notice.

We strive to bring you the latest and most accurate data possible from the home sites of the financial institutions we name. Always remember, the bigger the risk, the larger the reward or loss. Invest with caution.

For additional resources involving financial help, please view PNC Online Banking, best bank savings rates,SunTrust CD Rates, Westpac Online Banking and Online Banks at

Books To Help Finance Your Projects After Film Courses

9

You are determined to become a filmmaker. You’ve already taken your first step: applying to film schools. In Canada and abroad, there are many choices. Your life feels ripe with possibility. But you have one fear that haunts you. You wonder if you will really have what it takes after graduation from film courses to make your dreams come true. You have plenty of ideas for movies, that’s for sure. But that doesn’t mean that you know how to finance one. Here are three book ideas to calm these kinds of fears, common amongst new applicants to film schools.

1. 43 Ways to Finance Your Feature Film by John W. Cones

In this book, entertainment lawyer John Cones shares his insider knowledge gleaned from almost two decades helping independent filmmakers navigate the multifaceted world of movie financing. Although the author is based in Los Angeles – where else? – the book includes a discussion of financing from countries other than the United States, and is, therefore, appropriate for new applicants to film schools in Canada and abroad.

This book may turn up on the curriculum of your film courses, but there’s no harm in beginning your research early. Reading on your own increases the likelihood that when you do finally graduate that you will have a firm grounding in such topics as:

industry financing (What is this? It is basically funding by your peers, i.e., other, more established graduates of film schools)
investor financing
lender financing

2. The Fundraising Houseparty: How to Get Charitable Donations From Individuals in a Houseparty Setting by Morrie Warshawski

Although this book could be of use to any kind of fundraiser, it is written with filmmakers in mind. The author explains how graduates of film schools can organize a compelling event, touching on such details as:

planning committees
invitations
food and drink
presentations
thank yous

Warshawski emphasizes the importance of graduates of film courses appealing to the emotions of their potential donors, something to which their craft, fortunately, is uniquely well suited. What is the role of film schools if not to teach students how to appeal to the emotions of their audience?

3. Shaking the Money Tree, 3rd Edition: The Art of Getting Grants and Donations for Film and Video, also by Morrie Warshawski

In this book, Warshawski tackles that topic of supreme interest to staff and students of film schools in Canada and abroad: how to write a winning grant application. This kind of knowledge can even help students in film schools finance their productions for film courses.

If you are anxiously awaiting a wave of fateful letters from films schools in Canada and elsewhere in the world, calm your nerves by advancing your studies on your own. Who knows, it may help you finance one of your film school’s productions once you finally do get that longed for acceptance letter!

Sample letter for loan modification demystified

5

When you are faced with financial hardship and you want to write an effective letter for loan modification, there are some basic rules you need to abide with for your application to be accepted. I have drafted here a sample letter for loan modification. Start the letter by writing your name, loan number, contact address, phone number, and may be your email address. Then in the body of the letter: To Whom It May Concern I’m writing this hardship letter to you in order to explain the reasons behind my requesting for a loan modification on my mortgage payments. I made my last payment just before August last year, since then I was not able to make any other payment on my monthly mortgage, reason is because of my husband terminal illness with gulp huge amount of money from our treasury since then it become increasingly difficult for me to handle alone. I am requesting for an interest reduction down to YX% from my current XX%. I feel it is a fair percentage for you, and this will be within my means. Prior to husband illness, both of us have been making enough to carter for our mortgage. Even when our interest rate rose to XX% we had no difficulty paying it. However, since the illness, I was left with half of the monthly income I had before. I had been pulling together enough to pay the bills and mortgage by pulling from our savings and the small amount of life insurance I received, but I can not cope for now that is why I requested for loan modification option from you. Without you lowering my interest rate, I won’t be able to afford the monthly payments. I have to make a choice between a loan modification and a foreclosure. I prefer the former far better than the later, and you probably would as well. YX% is the most I can afford now, even if I cut all of my expenses out of the picture. Please consider my application seriously and I hope to hear more from you on this matter soonest. Sincerely, Your Name (with date) You will notice that this letter is simple but straight to the point, it explain the circumstances of the loan seeker and her ideal interest rate based on her present income, she also showcase seriousness, she also let the lender know she would like to still maintain her home, the letter also pleads a good case for the lender, your lender must be aware of your choice between modification and foreclosure, although your lender may lose money on loan modification but it can not be compared with foreclosure, if you get all your facts, numbers and story straight you can put up a compelling hardship letter. Further more, for essential tips and facts on how to get quicker approval on your loan modification, I have done some research on this for you, visit for updated information.

Tips On How To Open A Bpi Bank Account

14

Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI) is one of the most established banks in the Philippines. Recently, it was awarded by Finance Asia, a prestigious finance publication and magazine in Asia and the Pacific as the best cash management bank in the Philippines. Finance Asia also recognized BPI as the best trade finance bank in the country.

BPI has two subsidiary banks – BPI Family Savings Bank and BPI Direct. BPI Bank deals primarily on corporate accounts like salary account of employees. BPI Family Savings Bank is focused on individual savings accounts or for individual person who may not be an employee. While BPI Direct serves primarily on mobile, telephone and online banking.

In opening a BPI bank account, you can adhere to procedures given below and ready all requirements before going to the bank. It will be fast and easy to open a new bank account when you bring all the needed requirements so do not forget to bring it all.

1. Make sure you have all the requirements for opening a new bank account like two valid ID, billing statements, two 1×1 photo ID, and money for initial deposit.

2. Select the branch you want to open a new account. Choose the branch near your work or house so that it will be very easy and convenient for you to go whenever problem arises regarding your bank account.

3. Upon entering the bank, proceed to New Account Desk. Tell the bank officer you want to open a savings account and then fill-up all forms that will be given to you.

4. Pass all the requirements, application forms and initial deposit for your new bank account. This is the minimum initial deposit for BPI, P3,000 and P10,000 for ATM and passbook account.

5. Get your passbook or ATM card which will be normally available after 4-5 banking days. When you get your ATM card, you can activate it at ATM machines.

When opening a new bank account, prepare first all requirements and ready the money for initial deposit for your new bank account. BPI is one of the best choice in applying for a new bank account. It has numerous branches around the country so it will not be a problem which branch to select.

Entrepreneur Spirit 3

6

Some people think becoming an entrepreneur is so difficult. They often think that to be an entrepreneur, money is the main factor. Actually, there is something else such as mental preparation that plays an important role.

Some people choose to be entrepreneurs because they do not want to suffer tight competition in the workforce, to have the desire for unlimited earnings, to have the freedom to determine their own destiny, and to be more independent or to have extra satisfaction on their personal achievement.

In the early stages of becoming entrepreneurs, however, people should realize that their income can be less than before, no more company allowances. Not mentioning that they have to work harder and longer hours, with the responsibility of employing their workers.

Moreover, they should cope with critics from their environment about how stupid they are for letting go such a good job with good payments and benefits.

People should have more than one income source, but by being entrepreneurs, they are working for themselves, and they alone will determine how much they want to earn and how.

Tips for new entrepreneurs:
Start with a low working capital, so people can minimize their potential loss that may occur.
The other advantage is to train to survive in the new business with minimum facilities.
Be flexible; entrepreneurs should revise their business concept with current trends and economical conditions.
It is recommended to have a mentor who can share knowledge and give advises on critical points.
Start with your hobbies.
By doing so, hopefully they can cope with the frustration and do not give up when they have to deal with difficulties.
Sometimes it is a good idea to do a completely new business idea that might bring less competitors.

Starting a new business needs capital. It is a safe way to use their own savings, because they do not have to pay interests or risk their assets when taking business loans from a local bank.

Avoiding interests should be considered since it is hard for a new business to gain profits during its first months of operation. It can take their breath away to pay high interests.

For people with a strong network, they can look for partners to cooperate with, so they also can share the capital.

Having a business does not mean that people will earn profits right away. Entrepreneurs should think about getting loyal customers and give them competitive services.

After a business has been developed, entrepreneurs might need employees. it is important to put honesty as the first criteria. It is a fact that honest people become rare nowadays, and you do not want to be cheated by your employees.

Last but not least, entrepreneurs should understand that running a business is a process. There will be some critical moments before they can earn a stable profit.

Content Writing Service – How To Start A Small Business Web Content Writing Service

4

Do you have a knack for writing? Well, why not put your talents to good use and start earning money through your writing? If you have been excluded by the editors of the publications high forehead bigger than you always wanted to work and have resorted to bogging just away his thoughts, then why not put your own little web content writing service company ? As for having enough capital, so do not really need much except for his team – which, obviously, and a reliable Internet connection – this is an absolute necessity, and, of course, natural talent in writing.

Bearing in mind that what you are trying to establish here a small business content website writing service, you just about to start or small businesses who are still fighting their way into the possibility of settling in the market or to grow your business. You can start offering such services to potential customers, of course, try to avoid a budget can really afford and do not dwell on the benefits. If you ask by a huge professional immediately, so expect your potential customers to easily get off and decline their offer. Remember that, given the economic situation these days, companies are really doing their best to make ends meet while still being able to make a profit. Try to reason with them how to put your own website and you and helping manage the content of the website will boost sales of their companies to be able to reach more potential customers without having to spend so much on advertising, etc. Try to find a creative way for you to be able to present this idea.

Launch a web page small business content writing service is not really a novel idea. Since so many people are switching to an independent career, there are more ways for small businesses to get some consultation or public relations service for much less cost compared to how large advertisers and agencies Advertising usually charge. Would also be very beneficial if you are able to provide you with samples of their work. If you have already finished writing public relations, web content writing and editing, or have worked in advertising, then you will be able to provide its customers with an impressive body of work just so they will be able to get an idea of style. If you and your prospect are apparently different styles, trying to properly assess your client has a point. Do not be overly biased and imposed his personal style and taste of its customers, try to work with them and adjust to what they want, what your company needs, after all they are paying to do just that. However, when they are a bit hesitant to the suggestion that you are a customer, to voice their concerns and hope that the two of you will be able to find a solution.

How To Sustain Small Business Growth

2

Many small businesses often ignore the minor glitches which cause major problems in their small businesses. There are people or situations which we often get used to and ignore, without realizing that they may be the main cause of a crisis situation. You could be strangling your small business growth without even realizing it.

Organizational growth demands updated strategies every quarter. It does not matter whether you are self-employed, running a home-based business or an employer. Leaders have to implement organizational updates every now and then in order to enhance growth strategies and speed up the entire growth process. Some hire help, while others acquire business cash advance in order to progress and expand.

We have created a list of how you can upgrade your growth strategies and take your small business to the next level. Firstly, you should

Remove the outlived
There might be services being offered and products being produced which may not be of any value to your business. You need to make a list of such services which no longer add value to your small business growth and have outlived the market demand.

Re-organize and strategize companys strategic goals
Reevaluate whether your mission statement matches your goals or not. You will know how much work being done is irrelevant to your small business needs and market demand. Redefine your objectives in pragmatic measureable terms.

Distractions and competitions among your employees is another point which should be considered. Other issues may have distracted them from your small business goals. There may be continuous concerns hampering growth among the employees and creating problems in their professional relationship and everyday work.

Create different ways to leverage employee talents
Work efficiency can only be improved by leveraging employee talent in different areas. Set meetings with them; ask them what they want to do and how they can add value to your companys goals. Help them review their skills in order to sharpen them. There might be unproductive or negative employees, but firing them may not be the solution. Hence, move them to positions and projects where their skills can be utilized effectively.

Check the Budget Lists
In many cases you subscribe, acquire business loans, purchase and hire help which may not be required by the company anymore. And all these might be charging you a lot of cash without you even realizing it. To save your working capital, these budgetary leaks should be evaluated and diminished. Conducting a quarterly review is extremely useful, knowing where your money is going will help you fight the unnecessary charges involved and will help you improve your credit score. Check your taxes and be ready for the upcoming TAX season.

Prerequisites Of Taking Up A Preschool Franchise

4

Preschools in India are a massive growth sector, full of opportunity, for you and for the wider community. Eurokids India is the number one franchise opportunity in preschools in India and was ranked number four in the annual India Franchise Ranking 2010, so if you want to start a franchise, you want to start a Eurokids franchise.

Obviously, with such a prestigious reputation, and with the crucial care and developmental role of our countrys next generation as our primary focus, our prerequisites for granting a preschool franchise are extremely high. We cannot let the quality slip, for our good name, but especially for the children. Only the best will do, as you can understand.

The most important prerequisite for getting a franchise for a Eurokids India preschool is you need to have a total commitment to help carry forward our ambition of making learning a fun experience for kids. You have to have a passion for early child education and a love of children. There is no point in getting into this industry if you do not have a pastoral love for children and desire to fulfil their education needs.

To start with, you will need to own or rent a space of at least 1500 square feet in a quiet, tranquil and peaceful location. It must be on the ground floor and have an open area adjacent that can be used as an outdoor play area. It must also have independent access, attached toilet facilities and needs to be well ventilated.

You must have between INR 5 10 Lakh minimum, which should be spent on ambience and equipment cost need to start. This will depend on the location of the preschool and the alterations needed to fit it out.

Once you have been accepted as a franchise holder you will undergo an extensive training program that will teach you how to successfully operate a preschool. You and your staff members will also receive ongoing training for the Eurokids curriculum and delivery method.

If you have all this then dont hesitate to give Eurokids India a call today. Together we can educate the next generation.

Mcdonald’s Franchise Review – The Facts

4

Owning a McDonald’s franchise can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life if you know what you’re doing, if you have the resources to qualify and if you do it the right way. However, before you do your share of serving billions and billions of hamburgers worldwide, there’s a few things you need to be aware of in order to make the right decision.

Today, there are roughly over 30,000 restaurants spanning the globe in over 100 countries. McDonald’s franchise has been in existence since 1955 and the franchise owners have played huge roles in the overall success of the company.

When considering to buy a McDonald’s franchise, you have 2 options in which to do so. The first is to purchase an existing restaurant from the company or another franchise owner, which happens to be the most common practice. The second option is to purchase a brand new restaurant that is built from the ground up. In both cases, you must have a minimum of $300,000 down payment that can NOT be borrowed. You have to physically have it in liquid assets.

Other important factors in buying a McDonald’s franchise include having significant business experience, good management skills, the ability to manage finances well, you must be able to execute and deliver on a business plan, you have to maintain exceptional customer service and you have to have a good credit history. If you can’t show you have all of these capabilities, then this franchise may not be a good fit for you.

Most experts will tell you that breaking even in the first 7-10 years is doing a real good job of running your McDonald’s franchise. Part of the ongoing expenses include the traditional expenses like rent, utilities, inventory, wages and of course the 4% royalty fees that are based on gross revenues and not net profits. What’s interesting to know is that the McDonald’s corporation usually owns the land the franchises are on and the franchise owners pay their rent to the corporation. In fact, it can be argued that McDonald’s is actually in the business of real estate since they are one of the largest holders of real estate in the world.

Bottom line is that owing a McDonald’s franchise is not for the timid. You have to have considerable net worth, a good track record and still get approval by the company. Not all franchises are this way and if you don’t qualify for a McDonald’s franchise, then there are plenty of other viable options for you.